Environmental simulation is a critical part of the armory of product designers and manufacturers, ensuring that end-uses are viable in a whole host of complex and niche situations. In mature industries, a focus of environmental simulation testing is on pushing products and materials to ever greater resilience by upgrading and expanding measurement for more extreme ranges, increasing the resilience of products.
These two choices for bore measurement come into play when close tolerances are the order of the day and speedy, repeatable measurements are required in a production environment. Keeping these requirements in mind, instrument makers usually offer options such as hard chromed bodies or carbide pads and contacts where needed to keep wear at a minimum.
The Vickers and Knoop microhardness testing methods have become invaluable for the testing of a variety of parts, which have what can be referred to as “shallow layer hardness.” Such characteristics as surface hardness, thin cross section, coating hardness, and case depth are measured using the microhardness testing methods. These methods also can be useful for selective testing of particular grains or constituents such as those found in powdered metal parts.